Contact Us

Use the form on the right to contact us.

You can edit the text in this area, and change where the contact form on the right submits to, by entering edit mode using the modes on the bottom right. 


123 Street Avenue, City Town, 99999

(123) 555-6789


You can set your address, phone number, email and site description in the settings tab.
Link to read me page with more information.

Financial hardship of the self-employed comes with impaired well-being

career research blog

The latest career research insights to grow your career

Financial hardship of the self-employed comes with impaired well-being

Annabelle Hofer

Financial hardship is significantly related to impaired well-being among self-employed individuals in different European countries, as a new study shows. However, this effect differed significantly between countries. The study found that the economic conditions of a country play an important role in this regard. For self-employed people living in a country with a more supportive social policy in the form of unemployment allowance, financial hardship and well-being were less strongly related. In addition, an individual’s education and social trust were buffers against lower well-being.

Annink, A., Gorgievski, M., & Den Dulk, L. (2016). Financial hardship and well-being: a cross-national comparison among the European self-employed. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 25(5), 645-647.